Distance Learning Tasks for Grade 10 (April 13-30)

1.Projects to do:

  1. Let’s Translate. project / Եկե՛ք թարգմանենք.նախագիծ
  2. «Լավագույն ժամանակը կարդալու համար», «Best time for Reading». նախագիծ

2. Reported Speech

1. «What time does the next bus leave?» he said. «I need to get to the station.»

He asked about time that next bus leaves and said that he need to get to the station.

2. «Don’t go swimming in the lake,» she said. «The water is filthy.»

He said dont go to swimming in the lake because water is filthy.
3. «Let’s go shopping tomorrow,» she said. «The sales have started.»

She offers to go to shopping tommorrow because The sales have started.
4. «Stand up,» the teacher said to the pupils. «The headmaster is coming.»

Teacher said to pupils to stand up because the headmaster is coming.
5. «Please don’t take my ring,» she said to him. «It was a present.»

She asked him not to take her ring cause it was present.
6. «It’s very late, Martin,» his mother said. «Where have you been?»

His mother said that its very late to Martin and where have he been.
7. «Shall I cook the dinner?» he said to her. «You look very tired.»

Shall he cook the dinner because she looked very tired he said.
8. «Please stop making that noise!» she said to him. «I can’t concentrate.»

She said to him to stop making noise because she cant concentrate.
9. «Yes, I dropped your vase,» she said. «I was cleaning the shelf.»

She agreed that she dropped the vase and said that she was cleaning the shelf
10. «Can I use the car, please?» she said. «I need to run some errands.»

She asked could she use the car to run some errands.

11. «I’m sorry I’m late,» he said. «The car wouldn’t start.»

He appologized for being late and told that the car wouldnt start.

12. «Why are you teasing your sister?» she asked him. «You know it makes her unhappy.»

She asked about teasing her sister and said that that makes her unhappy

13. «Why won’t you come to the party?» he said to her. «Everyone would love to see you.»

She asked why wont she come to the party and said that everyone would love to see her

14. «It was Rob who broke the window,» he said to her. «He was kicking the football.»

He told that it was Rob who broke the window because he was kicking the football.

3. Match the word  with  the proper definition

  1.  altogether                               a. to behave in an ostentatious way to impress others
  2. brag                                          b. a face seen from the side
  3. even out                                  c. without paying attention
  4. hold out for                            d. to tell about your own achievements
  5. lame                                         e. useless facts
  6. marvel                                     f. to insist on something
  7. negligence                              g. to come into balance
  8. profile                                     h. carelessness
  9. illiterate                                  i. to be amazed
  10. show off                                  j. one who cannot read or write
  11. absently                                  k. to pull hard
  12. squabble                                 l. completely
  13. stray                                       m. to argue
  14. trivia                                      n. to get lost
  15. yank                                      o. stupid and boring

 altogether – completely

brag- a face seen from the side

even out- to pull hard

hold out for – to insist on something

lame- one who cannot read or write

marvel – to be amazed

negligence- carelessness

profile – to tell about your own achievements

illiterate- stupid and boring

show off- to behave in an ostentatious way to impress others

absently –

squabble – to argue

stray – to get lost

trivia – useless facts

yank- to pull hard

4. Choose a topic and write an essay.

  • «What makes me special?»
  • «What does the quarantine give us?»

What makes me special

Almost everyone thinks that he or she is the only special one and thats right because everyone has unique skills and talents . There is a one big thing that i think makes me also special and that is the way i think. I don’t mean studying or the way I talk and think I just mean in general and the way I see the world. I never met with anyone like me even if I made friends that doesn’t mean we are the same they are just a bit close to my way of thinking and behaviour and I’m really lucky and proud that I am what I am.

What does the quarantine give us

Quarantine gives us a lot of thing. Firstly it gives us new experience that world never felt before and because of that people started to value what they have missed. For example they only communicated online with their friends or relatives . Also I thinks that after this people will start valuing nature.

5.Read the dialogues and choose the most appropriate options to complete the dialogues.

1. Doctor
Take this medicine for a week and you’ll start to feel better.
Patient
D) But I’ve used it before and it did not help at all.
Doctor
Are you sure? It’s the best on the market.
Patient
Yes I am. Can you please prescribe another one?

A) What shall i do if unexpected side effects arise?
B) What is the ideal dosage for my weight?
C) No, it’s too early to prescribe another medicine.
D) But I’ve used it before and it did not help at all.
E) It looks as if the illness has already been cured.

2. Jake
How did you like the movie you saw last night?
Karen
I can’t say it was the best I’ve ever seen.
Jake
E) Then you wouldn’t recommend it, would you?
Karen
Certainly not. Do not waste your time.

A) Did you go alone or with a friend from work?
B) Hadn’t you read the reviews before you went to see it?
C) What do you mean by saying it depends?
D) I knew I could always count on you.
E) Then you wouldn’t recommend it, would you?

3. Father
What? You crashed the car again?
Son
A) I do apologize. I promise it won’t happen again.
Father
I’m sure it wasn’t. This is the third accident you have had this year.
Son
You’re very angry now, dad. We had better talk about this later on.

A) I do apologize. I promise it won’t happen again.
B) Was the car in good condition?
C) But it wasn’t my fault. You’ve got to believe me.
D) Was it worth the money and time you had wasted?
E) Why do you ask? Don’t you know it’s too late now?

4.Chuck
A) It seems that Martha is still angry with me.
Sue
Why do you think so?
Chuck
Whenever we meet, she pretends not to see me.
Sue
I don’t thin k it’s because she hasn’t got over her anger. She’s having
a bad time at work nowadays.

A) It seems that Martha is still angry with me.
B) Martha will never make a good manager.
C) I have never seen a smarter woman than Martha.
D) One thing that I especially like about Martha is her sincerity.
E) Martha has finally managed to get over her resentment.

5.Tom
B) Can you help me prune the roses in the garden at the weekend?
Mary
Are you kidding? We are in June.
Tom
So what? What’s wrong with June?
Mary
The right time to trim your roses is the beginning of winter, when they
lose their flowers.

A) Are you going to plant those roses in your garden in June or July?
B) Can you help me prune the roses in the garden at the weekend?
C) I didn’t know your brother knew so much about gardening.
D) Have you got any idea what the right time is to shorten rose plants?
E) Are we supposed to do anything special to keep the roses fresh?

6.Complete the sentences with the most appropriate options.

1. Even though the two parties appear united in negotiations, —-.
A) the level of trust between them will always remain, at best, tenuous
B) they weren’t able to agree on the subject
C) they will eventually reach an agreement
D) it is impossible for him to succeed
E) the president unexpectedly rejected it

2. The moment I saw the sad face of my girl friend, —-.
A) I begin to feel depressed
B) I have realized that we will have a discussion about our relationship
C) I had decided to leave the house
D) I found out that something was wrong
E) she has gone out to have a walk

3. You had better take your mobile phone with you —-.
A) so that you can lose it
B) or I couldn’t have called you
C) because I will not be at home during the whole day
D) If you had wanted to go abroad
E) in case you may not find one when you are in need of it

4. —- when they learned that the chairman would not be able to join the meeting.
A) Hardly had the committee learned the reason of the meeting
B) When they realized why they were all there in that early time of the day
C) It wasn’t until they got a phone call about an urgent meeting the next day
D) However professional they tried to be seen
E) They will have already discussed the most important subjects

5. —-, the Grammys are the highest rated.
A) There are many music awards shows in the US
B) Although Grammys are considered to be highly prestigious
C) Because there is only one big music awards show in the US
D) Much as people are looking forward to next Grammy awards show
E) Of the «big three» music awards shows

Distance Learning Tasks for Grade 10 ( March 30- April 10)

1.Read the text and answer the questions.

How Does Brain Work?

Theories about how brain works remain a topic of debate. It is agreed, though, that the hippocampus, a part of the brain, is undeniably important for memory. When we experience something, the information is sent via our senses to the hippocampus, where it is processed. Scientists believe that brain cells called neurons first transform the sensory stimuli we experience into images in our immediate memory. Then, these images are sent to the hippocampus and stored temporarily in short term memory. In the hippocampus information is organized, and it is during this process that parts of the image of our experience fade away. Finally, certain information is then transferred to long term memory in a section in the frontal lobe of the brain known as the cerebral cortex. Scientists think this process may happen while we are sleeping, but exactly how the information is transferred from one area of the brain to another is a mystery.
1. This reading is mainly concerned with —-.
A) how to improve our memory
B) why some of the information in short term memory fades away
C) illness that results in severe memory loss
D) how human brain processes and stores information
E) the importance of neurons in transferring sensory stimuli


2. According to the passage scientists —-.
A) know that information is sent from the long term memory to the hippocampus
B) have found out why some of the information is lost in the hippocampus
C) don’t know exactly how the information is transferred from one area of the brain to another
D) agree on how the brain works
E) still debate whether the hippocampus is important for memory

3. It is pointed out in the reading that —-.
A) the brain was not considered as a highly complex organ in the past
B) damage to hippocampus doesn’t cause memory loss
C) all of the information stored in the short term is transferred to long time memory
D) hippocampus is in the frontal lobe of he brain
E) scientists agree that the hippocampus is important in processing information

2. People With Extraordinary Abilities

Fictional stories about people who have extraordinary abilities have always attracted people’s attention. One of them is the story of Vera Petrova, who is able to perceive things with different parts of her skin, and through solid walls. One day she comes into his father’s office and puts her hands on the door of a locked safe. Suddenly she asks her father why he keeps so many old newspapers locked away there. Vera’s curious talent is brought to the notice of a scientific research institute and she is given a series of tests by a special commission. During these tests she manages to read a newspaper through an opaque screen and then she describes the figures and colors of a picture hidden under a carpet. During all these tests Vera is blindfolded; and, indeed, except when blindfolded she lacks the ability to perceive things with her skin. It was also found that although she could perceive things with her fingers, this ability ceased the moment her hands were wet.
1. As we understand from the reading, Vera Petrova —-.
A) can only perceive things with her fingers
B) is a curious child
C) is not the only fictional character who has extraordinary abilities
D) fails most of the tests administered by a special commission
E) perceives the objects only when her fingers are wet

2. It is pointed out in the reading that Vera Petrova loses the ability to perceive objects with her fingers —-.
A) when her father first notices this ability
B) when she is asked to read a newspaper through an opaque screen
C) after she is given a series of tests
D) as soon as her hands get wet
E) when the object is hidden under a carpet

3. According to the reading, —-.
A) Vera Petrova’s father asks her why she keeps the old newspapers in the locked safe
B) the scientific research institute is not interested in Vera Petrova’s talent
C) Vera can’t perceive objects with her skin unless she is blindfold
D) there are several scientific research institutes which examine people like Vera
E) the special commission is made up by people who can also perceive objects with their skin

2. Fill in few or little into the gaps.

Remember: Few and little both express ‘a small quantity’: Little refers to non-countable nouns, and is used with the singular form to indicate that something exists only in a small amount or to a slight degree. Few refers to countable nouns, and is used with the plural form to indicate not many persons or things.

For example:  I’ve got little money left in my account. / Ben has few friends in London.

  1. He likes a ___little______ sugar for his tea.
    2. My parents will be home in a __few______ minutes.
    3. She told me a __little_ about her life in Los Angeles.
    4. I can’t come because there’s still a __little______ work to do.
    5. They only sang a __few________ songs on the festival.
    6. She invited a lot of girls and a ___few_______ boys to her party.
    7. There’ll probably be a ______little________ rain on Sunday.
    8. They are good students, but they have a ___little_______problems with maths.
    9. A ____few_____of his movies became very successful.
    10. We get a ____little______extra pocket money from our grandma.
    11. I’m going to meet a ____few________friends this afternoon.
    12. There were only a _____few________ rainy days in January.
    13. ____________do we know about his early years in Paris.
    14. There’s ______little______crime in the country where I live.
    15. They need a _____little________luck to win the final.
    16. We stayed only for a _____few________ days before moving on.
    17. There were only a ______few________cars on the highway last night.
    18. They had a ____few_______new ideas, but I didn’t like any.
    19. Your mum needs a _________little______ help with the housework.
    20. I read a ______few__________chapters last night before I fell asleep.

3. You have 2 projects to do

4.Choose on of your favourite short stories and record your reading, make your own Audiobook. 

  • First,choose a short story written by your favourite writer.
  • Read it again.
  • Try to find and listen the audio version of the short story, it will help you.
  • First speak about the writer in two words.
  • Present yourself  (Who are you, Where are you from, Where are you studying) .
  • Present the title of the short story and start recording it.

5.Talking Points, answer the questions below.

  1. What do you use the computer for?

__For swimming, dancing, _driving, making homework, playing and so on._____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. Does the computer save time?

_Of course . Except of searching something in book or asking someone you can search for it with computer.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. On the desert island, would you pefer a human or a computer for company, why? 

_Of course human because you cant talk with computer you cant even do much because there is no internet.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

     4. Has you life changed since you started using computers?

_I was born with computer so i dont know what to answer.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 

The Little Match Girl

The Little Match Girl
by Hans Christian Andersen
Most terribly cold it was; it snowed, and was nearly quite dark, and evening– the last evening of the year. In this cold and darkness there went along the street a poor little girl, bareheaded, and with naked feet. When she left home she had slippers on, it is true; but what was the good of that? They were very large slippers, which her mother had hitherto worn; so large were they; and the poor little thing lost them as she scuffled away across the street, because of two carriages that rolled by dreadfully fast.

One slipper was nowhere to be found; the other had been laid hold of by an urchin, and off he ran with it; he thought it would do capitally for a cradle when he some day or other should have children himself. So the little maiden walked on with her tiny naked feet, that were quite red and blue from cold. She carried a quantity of matches in an old apron, and she held a bundle of them in her hand. Nobody had bought anything of her the whole livelong day; no one had given her a single farthing.
She crept along trembling with cold and hunger–a very picture of sorrow, the poor little thing!

The flakes of snow covered her long fair hair, which fell in beautiful curls around her neck; but of that, of course, she never once now thought. From all the windows the candles were gleaming, and it smelt so deliciously of roast goose, for you know it was New Year’s Eve; yes, of that she thought.

In a corner formed by two houses, of which one advanced more than the other, she seated herself down and cowered together. Her little feet she had drawn close up to her, but she grew colder and colder, and to go home she did not venture, for she had not sold any matches and could not bring a farthing of money: from her father she would certainly get blows, and at home it was cold too, for above her she had only the roof, through which the wind whistled, even though the largest cracks were stopped up with straw and rags.

Her little hands were almost numbed with cold. Oh! a match might afford her a world of comfort, if she only dared take a single one out of the bundle, draw it against the wall, and warm her fingers by it. She drew one out. “Rischt!” how it blazed, how it burnt! It was a warm, bright flame, like a candle, as she held her hands over it: it was a wonderful light. It seemed really to the little maiden as though she were sitting before a large iron stove, with burnished brass feet and a brass ornament at top. The fire burned with such blessed influence; it warmed so delightfully. The little girl had already stretched out her feet to warm them too; but–the small flame went out, the stove vanished: she had only the remains of the burnt-out match in her hand.

She rubbed another against the wall: it burned brightly, and where the light fell on the wall, there the wall became transparent like a veil, so that she could see into the room. On the table was spread a snow-white tablecloth; upon it was a splendid porcelain service, and the roast goose was steaming famously with its stuffing of apple and dried plums. And what was still more capital to behold was, the goose hopped down from the dish, reeled about on the floor with knife and fork in its breast, till it came up to the poor little girl; when–the match went out and nothing but the thick, cold, damp wall was left behind. She lighted another match. Now there she was sitting under the most magnificent Christmas tree: it was still larger, and more decorated than the one which she had seen through the glass door in the rich merchant’s house.

Thousands of lights were burning on the green branches, and gaily-colored pictures, such as she had seen in the shop-windows, looked down upon her. The little maiden stretched out her hands towards them when–the match went out. The lights of the Christmas tree rose higher and higher, she saw them now as stars in heaven; one fell down and formed a long trail of fire.

“Someone is just dead!” said the little girl; for her old grandmother, the only person who had loved her, and who was now no more, had told her, that when a star falls, a soul ascends to God.

She drew another match against the wall: it was again light, and in the lustre there stood the old grandmother, so bright and radiant, so mild, and with such an expression of love.

“Grandmother!” cried the little one. “Oh, take me with you! You go away when the match burns out; you vanish like the warm stove, like the delicious roast goose, and like the magnificent Christmas tree!” And she rubbed the whole bundle of matches quickly against the wall, for she wanted to be quite sure of keeping her grandmother near her. And the matches gave such a brilliant light that it was brighter than at noon-day: never formerly had the grandmother been so beautiful and so tall. She took the little maiden, on her arm, and both flew in brightness and in joy so high, so very high, and then above was neither cold, nor hunger, nor anxiety–they were with God.

But in the corner, at the cold hour of dawn, sat the poor girl, with rosy cheeks and with a smiling mouth, leaning against the wall–frozen to death on the last evening of the old year. Stiff and stark sat the child there with her matches, of which one bundle had been burnt. “She wanted to warm herself,” people said. No one had the slightest suspicion of what beautiful things she had seen; no one even dreamed of the splendor in which, with her grandmother she had entered on the joys of a new year.

Cooking Diary

ADD: To put ingredients together; to put one ingredient with the others.

  • Add more salt to the dish if necessary. Ավելացնել

BAKE: To cook in an oven using heat and without extra fat, oil or liquid.

  • It smells good in the kitchen because I’m baking a cake. թխել

BARBECUE: To cook food (usually meat) by using fire or hot coals on a grill outside.

  • I’m going to barbecue some sausages for lunch. խորովել

BEAT: To stir (usually eggs, cream, butter) quickly and continually to make a smooth or frothy mixture.

  • Beat the cream until it starts to thicken. խփել

BLEND: To mix two or more substances so they combine together. Often done in an appliance called a blender which has quickly rotating blades.

  • You can blend fruit to make your own smoothie. խառնել

BOIL: To heat water or another liquid until little bubbles form.

  • Boil the potatoes until they are cooked. Եռացնել

BREAK: To separate into smaller parts by force.

  • Break the eggs into a glass bowl. կոտրել

BROIL: To cook meat or vegetables on a rack with an extremely high temperature. բրոշ

CARVE: To cut meat into slices. կտրել

  • Who is going to carve the Thanksgiving turkey?

CHOP: To cut into small pieces, generally used with vegetables. կտրատել

  • Chop the spring onions then add them to the dish.

COMBINE: To put two or more things together. միավորել

COOK: To prepare food by heating it so that it is not raw and can be eaten.

  • Cook the chicken until there are no pink parts. եփել

CRUSH: To cause to separate or flatten by extreme force, often used with garlic. փշրել

CUT: To separate or divide a solid by using a knife.

  • He cut the meat into little pieces. կտրել

DRAIN: to remove excess liquid from food after washing or cooking it.

  • Drain the water from the pot of spaghetti. քամել

FRY: To cook by putting the food into extremely hot oil.

  • fried some bacon and eggs for breakfast. տապակել

GRATE: To divide into small parts by rubbing on a serrated surface, usually used with cheese.

  • Grate a large carrot and add it to the salad. քերել

GREASE: To coat with oil or butter.

  • Make sure you grease the pan before putting the mix in otherwise the cake will stick to the sides. քսուք

GRILL: To cook by putting the food on a grill; similar to barbecue. Also refers to heating the food under a grill in a cooker which radiates heat downwards. խորովվել

KNEAD: To press and stretch dough with your hands. Usually used when making bread.

  • Knead the dough for the pizza base. հունցել

MEASURE: To obtain an exact quantity or amount of an ingredient.

  • Measure exactly half a teaspoon of curry. Չափել

MELT: to make something become liquid through heating.

  • Melt the butter before adding it to the mix. հալել

MICROWAVE: To heat up food with a microwave oven.

  • Remove the food from the metal container before you microwave it.

MINCE: to grind food, normally meat, into small pieces. A machine is often used to do this. մանր կտըրտել

MIX: To combine two or more things using a spoon, spatula, or electric mixer.

  • Mix the flour, melted butter and sugar together. խառնել

OPEN: To remove the top from a can or jar.

PEEL: To remove the skin or outer layer from fruit or vegetables.

  • Peel the potatoes before boiling them. կլպել

POUR: To transfer liquid from one container to another.

  • Pour the chocolate sauce over the pears. Լցնել

ROAST: To cook (usually meat and vegetables) in the oven or over a fire.

  • We are going to roast the chicken and vegetables. տապակել

SAUTÉ: To quickly fry food by placing it in hot oil in a frying pan.

SCRAMBLE: To mix the white and yellow parts of eggs together while cooking them in a pan.

  • Scramble the eggs in a frying pan.

SIFT: to put a fine substance through a sieve so as to remove lumps or large particles.

  • Sift the flour into a large bowl. Sift 

SLICE: To cut into thin or wide portions that are of similar size.

  • Slice the tomatoes and add them to the salad. բարակ կտրատել

SPRINKLE: to cover an object or surface with small drops or particles of a substance.

  • Sprinkle icing sugar over the cake. Շաղ տալ

SQUEEZE: to extract a liquid or soft substance from something by compressing it firmly.

  • Squeeze the juice from three lemons. ճզմել

STEAM: To cook by placing the food above boiling water. Steam is the vapor that comes from hot water. գոլորշի արձակել

STIR: To mix liquid ingredients by moving a spoon around in a circular motion.

  • Stir until the sugar has completely dissolved.Խառնել

STIR-FRY: To cook small pieces of food by moving it quickly in a wok or pan with hot oil.

  • I’m going to stir-fry these vegetables. խառնել-տապակել

TENDERIZE: to make meat softer and easier to eat by beating it or adding marinade before cooking it.

  • I think we should tenderize the steak before cooking it.

WASH: To immerse food in water to make sure it becomes clean.

  • Wash the strawberries before cutting them into pieces. լվանալ

WEIGH: To measure the weight (grams, ounces or pounds) of something.

  • Weigh the mix to make sure you have the right amount. կշռել

WHISH: to mix liquids, eggs, etc. into a stiff light mass, using a fork or a special tool (such as a whisk).

  • Whisk all of the eggs together with the milk. Հարել

Music on human body

Music affects positively on human body. I saw a TV show that they’re trying to test peoples IQ by some interesting questions. For the first time they tested them withot listening to music and the result was awful but after listening to music that people like they started to show a lot better result.